choice option range
Source of country or region
Description of the Independent Variables
This study was a 2 (the way leadership is created: election
cooperate) between-participants design. Similar with Study 1
cooperate). For the election condition
defect) or 10 tokens (i.e.
designation) x 2 (leader's behavior: defect
participants learned that Member 3 would be designated as the leader.
participants learned that they ...... e leader. Whoever they elected
participants were the second t ...... withdraw took 15 tokens (i..e
the bogus Member 3 would be th ...... . In the designation condition